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English literature poet laureatewith detail

English literature poet laureate John Dryden (1631-1700).  Laureate 1668-88. Appointed in 1668 by King Charles II, who gave John Dryden a formal royal warrant that awarded him the official titles of Poet Laureate and Historiographer Royal. This role continued under King James II. As a powerful satirist, Dryden was a strong advocate and spokesman for his monarch, and "the best poet, dramatist, translator and critic of the age" [Levin in Verses of the Poets Laureate] In 1689, sacked [or fired] by William III for failing to take an oath of allegiance. Thomas Shadwell (1643?-1692).  Laureate 1689-92. The successful dramatist Thomas Shadwell was chosen in large part because he was a Protestant Whig, essential to replace the Catholic Dryden. met an inglorious end in 1693, A weak poet, a heavy drinker, and an opium user, Shadwell died from an overdose of opium, which he took in part to relieve his gout. He was said to have found the laureateship unimportant. Disrespected b…
A glossary of literary terms Book by M. H. Abrams Click on link button Link If u like the post please followed the blog

Notes on feminism literature

Notes on feminism literature

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Forms of Literature

Forms of Literature
1. POETRY

● Poetry, form of literature, spoken or written, that emphasizes rhythm, other intricate patterns of sound and imagery, and the many possible ways that words can suggest meaning.
● The word itself derives from a Greek word, poesis, meaning “making” or “creating.”
● poetry in its simplest definition is organized in units called lines as well as in sentences, and often in stanzas, which are the paragraphs of poetry
● The way a line of poetry is structured can be considered a kind of garment that shapes and clothes the thought within it.
● The oldest and most longstanding genres for classifying poetry are epic, a long narrative poem centered around a national hero, and lyric, a short poem expressing intense emotion.

Elements:
Stanza
•A unit of lines grouped together
•Similar to a paragraph in prose

Couplet
A stanza consisting of two lines that rhyme

Quatrain
A stanza consisting of four lines

Mood
The feeling a poem creates for the reader

Tone
The attitude a…

LITERARY FORMS

LITERARY FORMS

SATIRE
Satire is a work of art of diminishing a subject by making it ridiculous and evoking toward it attitudes of amusement , contempt, scorn, or indignation. It differs from the comic in that comedy evokes laughter mainly as an end in itself, while satire derides i.e. it uses laughter as a weapon, and against a butt that exists outside the work itself. That butt may be an individual, or a type of person, a class, an institution, a nation or even mankind.

 Satire may be classified as follows:

 i. Formal satire: In it the satiric persona speaks out in the first person. This ‘I’may address either the reader or else a character within the work itself.

 ii. Horatian satire: In it, the speaker manifests the character of an urbane, witty and tolerant man of the world, who is moved more often to worry amusement than to indignation at the spectacle of human folly, pretentiousness, and hypocrisy, and who uses a relaxed and informal language to evoke from readers a wry smile …
T.S. ELIOT –
 THE WASTE LAND Short Summary
The poem begins with a section entitled .......

"The Burial of the Dead." In it, the narrator -- perhaps a representation of Eliot himself -- describes the seasons. Spring brings "memory and desire," and so the narrator's memory drifts back to times in Munich, to childhood sled rides, and to a possible romance with a "hyacinth girl." The memories only go so far, however. The narrator is now surrounded by a desolate land full of "stony rubbish." He remembers a fortune-teller named Madame Sosostris who said he was "the drowned Phoenician Sailor" and that he should "fear death by water." Next he finds himself on London Bridge, surrounded by a crowd of people. He spots a friend of his from wartime, and calls out to him.

The next section, "A Game of Chess," transports the reader abruptly from the streets of London to a gilded drawing room, in which sits a rich, jewel-…

The romantic period

The Romantic Period
(1798-1832)

A period marked by great changes in England and the Western world.

England experienced the ordeal of change; shifting from an agricultural society with landholders being the wealthy (aristocratic), to an industrial nation where power shifted to large-scale employers who had to deal with an enlarging working class
There were constant economic cycles of:
These threatened social structures
Three revolutions occurred prior to and within this time period affecting Britain tremendously:
American Revolution  1776 (dealt Britain heavy military and economic losses)
French Revolution  1789 (drew England back into costly wars)
Industrial Revolution
The term Industrial Revolution evolved as power machinery began replacing hand labor
Two Nations developed (capitol and labor), the wealthy industry owners and the poor wage workers/(working class)
A laissez-faire (hands off”) philosophy formed which held that the government should not interfere with private enterprise…